Some of the key findings from the data collected at Qatar Biobank in 2016 are detailed below.
During their clinical visit, participants underwent a series of anthropometric measurements. The table shows that men had an average height of 1.72m, weight 85.9Kg and BMI 28.6 Kg/m2, while the mean blood pressure lay within the normal ranges. Women’s mean height was 1.58m, weight 74Kg, and had a higher BMI (29.6 Kg/m2) than men, their blood pressure was within the normal ranges.
Selection of Lifestyle Habits of Qatar Biobank Participants
A unique characteristic of Qatar Biobank population was the low rate of smokers, almost all the women (94%) and half of the men (47%) had never smoked, while in the smokers’ category, men played a dominant role with a percentage of 39% versus 4% for women.
- This graph shows the levels of physical activity reported by Qatar Biobank participants. More than 70% of the population belonged to the overweight and obese categories. The interesting finding was that the percentage of men (48%) was more pronounced in the obese category comparing to the women (40%).
- The incidence of obesity was being verified from the low levels of physical activity where 83% of the total population had low or no activity levels, while almost half of the population (41%) did not participate in any activity during the week.
In an effort to gain a general picture of health of the Qatar Biobank participant a series of questions were asked to identify their past medical history and their family health history.
This graph shows the main chronic diseases reported were:
- 44% of all participants showed high cholesterol (men 26% and women 18%)
- High Blood Pressure 29% of all participants showed high blood pressure (men 16% and women 13%)
- Asthma 16% of all participants had previous diagnosis of asthma (men 7% and women 9%)
- Diabetes Mellitus 15.5% of all participants had previous diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (men 7% and women 8.5%)
- Thyroid disease 6% of all participants had a previous diagnosis of thyroid disease (men 1% and women 5%)
Through the Qatar Biobank visit and the results feedback session, participants with no existing diagnosis were found to have at least one new diagnosis. Between December 2015 and December 2016, 1192 participants were referred and out of them 789 (66%) were referred for Osteopenia, followed by newly diagnosed dyslipidemia (33%).
More information on the Qatar Biobank results are available in the Qatar Biobank Annual Report 2016/2017.
You are being invited to take part in Qatar Biobank, Qatar’s long-term medical health initiative for Qatar’s population. To help you decide whether to contribute, here is some information on Qatar Biobank and what taking part involves.
Qatar Biobank will make it possible for scientists to conduct research to address some of the greatest health challenges facing Qatar and the region, including cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and cancer.